How To Equalize Vocals?

Do you need to EQ vocals?

Vocal EQ work is performed to enhance the vocals so they sound best in our environment as well as within the band and within the song. And this is where most of your work is focused. Let me put it this waynot every singer has a golden voice. Adding to that, you have to modify the vocal to fit with the song.

How do you fix muddy vocals?

The easiest way to use an EQ to fix muddy vocals is to use a low-cut filter and high-pass everything below a certain frequency, typically around 90-100Hz. This will help reduce proximity effect and any boominess in the performer’s voice.

What frequency should vocals be at?

Male vocals will tend to have their fundamental frequencies between 100–300 Hz, while the fundamental frequencies of a female vocal will usually fall between 200–400 Hz.

Should I mix vocals in mono or stereo?

If you record one vocalist, your vocals should be mono. However, if you record two vocalists or more or if you record in a room with unique acoustics, the vocals should be stereo. Moreover, recording vocals in mono makes them sound powerful, clear, and upfront.

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How much should you high pass vocals?

Start the high pass quite low, around 70Hz, and gradually move it up the frequency spectrum until you start to hear it making the vocal sound thinner. This will usually be somewhere between 120Hz – 200Hz. Once you hear it thinning out the vocal you know you’ve gone too far.

Should you low pass vocals?

A low-pass filter removes high frequencies. So you can make room for high frequencies in other instruments. For example, if you have a mix with lots of vocal takes, things can sound cluttered. By applying an LPF on the vocal takes that don’t need it, you can end up with a less muddy mix overall.

Why do my vocals sound muffled?

When recorded vocals sound muffled, it’s usually because there is too much energy in the lower frequencies. For a really good quick lesson on what a frequency is, see our post: Good Equalization and Frequency Basics.

What is a muddy sound?

It’s frustrating—muddy sound means a lack of clarity and definition with poor separation between instruments. In this article I’ll go through the most common causes of a muddy mix and how to avoid them.

What causes a muddy mix?

A muddy mix is a mix where you have overlapping frequencies that clash with each other making it difficult to hear all the individual elements in the track. The most common cause of muddiness in a mix is when you add multiple sounds to your mix that have overlapping frequencies and similar frequency content.

What Hz is human voice?

In general, the fundamental frequency of the complex speech tone – also known as the pitch or f0 – lies in the range of 100-120 Hz for men, but variations outside this range can occur. The f0 for women is found approximately one octave higher. For children, f0 is around 300 Hz.

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How loud should my vocals be in a mix?

Every vocal is different and every song is different as well. But generally speaking, lead vocal should be moderately loud or the loudest element next to your drums in your mix.

How do you equalize female vocals?

Best EQ Settings for Vocals

  1. Roll off the low-end starting around 90 Hz.
  2. Reduce the mud around 250 Hz.
  3. Add a high shelf around 9 kHz & a high roll off around 18 kHz.
  4. Add a presence boost around 5 kHz.
  5. Boost the core around 1 kHz to 2 kHz.
  6. Reduce sibilance around 5 kHz to 8 kHz.

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